निर्मलाआत्या

निर्मलाआत्या म्हणजे भावंडांमध्ये सर्वात लाडकी आमच्या अप्पांची;

रेखा(आत्या) आणि ती एकत्र आल्या की पर्वणी असते गप्पांची,

फळांमधे तीला आवडतात केळीं, चिक्कू आणि आंबा;

सदैव दिला तिने आम्हा भाच्यांच्या उच्च शिक्षणास पाठिंबा,

नातवंडांमधे आहेत सोहम आणि कबीर तिचे खुपच लाडके;

माहीत नाही का डाॅक्टर तीला सजेस्ट करतात खायला कार्ले आणि दोडके,

कसब्यातल्या गणपतीवर आहे तिची अपार भक्ती;

म्हणूनच की काय तोच तिला देत राहतो अपरंपार शक्ती,

कन्या शाळेला मिळाला तिच्या रूपात एक अप्रतीम प्रींसीपल;

आत्ता रोज खायला सांगीतलाय डाॅक्टरांनी तीला एक तरी ॲपल,

शाहूचौकातले विठोबा आहेत नेहमीच तिच्यासाठी फलदायक;

त्यांच्या प्रसादात मिळाला तीला परफेक्ट लाइफ पार्टनर विनायक(काका),

विनायक काका तीला म्हणत असतील “मिलेगा नहीं तुम्हें मेरे जैसा कोई दुबारा;

त्या दोघांना भेटून नक्कीच अनुभवाल तुम्ही प्रेमाचा वात्सल्यपुर्ण गाभारा,

आदर्श शिक्षिका असून तिच्यात दिसते साक्षात सरस्वतीचे रूप;

दोन्ही मुलींना सीए आणि डाॅक्टर करताना तिने कष्ट मात्र घेतले खूप,

आज या चार ओळींच्या रुपाने आम्ही सर्वजण देतो तिला भरपूर शुभेच्छा;

लवकरात लवकर तीची या डायलीसिस मधुन व्हावी सुटका हीच आहे आम्हा सर्व लेकरांची इच्छा…

Curious Kids or Parents at test😲- Part 13 (Let the child know why he is being admonished)

One day my kid came home in an irritated mood. He was very very angry with his Hindi teacher. I asked him patiently what was the matter. He told me that the Hindi teacher had scolded him for no reason in front of whole class. He started narrating.

Son: Today the teacher was teaching us a poem in Hindi class. It was about importance of time. While teaching she asked “पल पल इकठ्ठा हो कर क्या बन जाता है?” (What do moments in time add up to?)  

Me: Then??

Son: I answered “घंटा” (an hour). Then the other kids in the class started laughing and teacher scolded me in the class. Did I say anything wrong Mamma??

I could sense the righteous anger in his tone. I heaved a sigh. Technically speaking there was nothing wrong in his answer. The catch was that Marathi being his mother tongue he didn’t know the Hindi slang. Literally speaking घंटा in Hindi means an hour. But in slang the same word has a vulgar meaning. The kids who knew this meaning laughed and created ruckus in the class. The teacher who knew this slang had scolded him and my son who didn’t know this slang was totally clueless. I pacified my son. I had to tell him that there was absolutely nothing wrong in his answer. But at the same time I had to explain him the how the word was used in slang. In slang it either meant “nothing” or “penis”. The teacher had obviously thought that he had purposely used this double meaning word in class and had scolded him. After listening to this he was pacified to some extent but some glitch remained in his mind. 

In all this I appreciated the fact that the teacher was vigilant in the class and she had paid attention to the language kids were using. But one thing bothered me and it was that my son didn’t know why he was scolded. I decided to speak to his teacher. I made an appointment and met her. 

I narrated the full incident to her. She recollected it easily. Firstly, I appreciated her keen attention towards the kids. Then I told her that I had absolutely no problem in teachers reprimanding my son if he made mistakes or if he misbehaved. But at the same time I expressed my concern that the child did not know why he was reprimanded. If he did not know the reason for scolding he would not be able to amend his behavior and he would end up having a grudge against teacher. I requested her to ensure that the kid knows the reason when they are reprimanded. After listening the teacher also agreed with my view point.

Friends some times it happens with us also. We are adults and our thinking pattern is governed by social acceptance norms. But kids are more impulsive and may not understand our view. If admonishment or punishment is required then do so but let the kid know the reason. Else how the kid would understand where he went wrong or where he needs to improvise. 

Come to think of social acceptance norms I remember one more incident regarding measurements on liquor bottle. Let’s meet next week with a new story.

For reading more blogs please refer https://kinfolkclub.com or https://motherlab.blogspot.com

आमची कॅंकून वारी

२०१९ हे वर्ष आम्हा सगळ्यांना एक्दम गडबडीचे आणि बऱ्याच बदलांचे होते. मुलींचे अरंगेत्रम , निहारिकाचे कॉलेज यामुळे हे वर्ष कधी सुरु झाले आणि सरले ते कळले पण नाही .म्हणून शेवटी क्रिसमस सुट्टीत कॅंकून ला जायचे ठरवले. मेक्सिकोच्या आग्नेय दिशेला कॅरिबियन समुद्र किनाऱ्यावर वसलेले हे गाव. एकदम आपल्या गोव्याची आठवण करून देणारे. आमची हे पहिलीच मॅक्सको बाजूची ट्रिप होती. मेक्सिको भौगोलिक साधारण भारतासारखे आहे, खूपशी झाडे आपल्याकडे असतात तीच. कण्हेर, तगर, तेरडा, बोगनवेल सदाफुली सगळीकडे बहरलेली. आकाशी नीलमणी समुद्र, नितळ निळे आकाश आणि पांढरी स्वच्छच मऊ वाळू. अजून काय पाहिजे सुट्टीसाठी ? पण आम्ही आता साधे नाही राहिले, बरच अमेरिकावासी झालो आहोत. ऑल इन्कलुसिव्ह रिसॉर्ट पण लागते हे सगळे अजून एन्जॉय करायला . या रिसॉर्ट मध्ये होती ८ रेस्टोरंटस, २ कॉफी शॉप्स, स्पा, ३ स्विमिन्ग पूल आणि पाहिजे ते बसल्या जागी आणून देणारा सेवकवर्ग 

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आमचे रिसॉर्ट ड्रीम्स रिव्हिएरा

हायड्रोथेरेपी स्पा

स्विमिन्ग पूल्स

लॉबी

खोली

या रिसॉर्ट मधले सगळ्यात पॉश रेस्टोरंट होते ते फ्रेंच. तिकडे आत जाण्यासाठी ड्रेस कोडे पण होता, पुरुषांचे कॉलर वाले शर्ट आणि पँट्स, शॉर्ट्स चालत नाहीत. बायकांचे ड्रेस किंवा पार्टी टॉप्स, जीन्स नाहीत, स्लीपर्स नाहीत वगैरे. आम्ही बाहेर मेनू पाहिला , एकमेव व्हेजिटेरिन डिश सलाड. पण तरी विचार केला एकदा जावेच. दोन तास बाहेर थांबल्यावर आत प्रवेश.

 एकदम सुंदर टेबले, छान म्युजिक , प्रशांत वातावरण

पण वेटर छान होता. तो म्हणाला तो व्हेज डिश अरेंज करेल. तिथले जेवण पाच कोर्स वाले.

पहिले आले अँपेटीझर. एका सुंदर प्लेटमध्ये अर्ध्या चेरी टोमॅटोवर,चीज आणि अर्धे द्राक्ष

दुसरा कोर्स सलाड. ४ पाने आणि ड्रेसिंगची सुंदर ओळ

तिसरा कोर्स बटाटा सूप. आख्खे तीन चमचे भरून होते ते.

मग मेन कोर्स . त्याचं वर्णन ५ ओली होते मेनू कार्ड मध्ये पण आली डिश ती मधल्या बोटाच्या लांबीची ग्रेप लीव्हज मधली गुंडाळी .

मग डेसर्ट २ घास (छोटे बरं )केक आणि २ घास आईस क्रिम

मग कळले कि फ्रेंच लोक इतके बारीक कसे राहतात ते. आम्ही आपले बाहेर आलो , खाली वर्ल्ड कॅफेला जाऊन पास्ता खाल्ला आणि मग पोट भरले .

दुसऱ्या दिवशी आम्ही गेलो शेल-हा या वॉटर पार्क आणि डॉल्फिन ऍडव्हेंचरला . आम्ही पाहिलेल्या सगळ्या पार्कपेक्षा एकदम वेगळी नैसर्गिक पार्क आहे ही . स्नॉर्केलिंग केले, मुलीनी क्लीफ डायविंग केले, प्रचंड मोठी वॉटर स्लाईड होती. पाण्याची गुहा पाहिली .

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मग पाळी होती डॉल्फिनची. . त्यांना शिकवलेले असते, त्यामुळे तुमच्या जवळ येतात, कसरती करतात, त्यांना टच केले तरी चालते. सुंदर फ्रेंडली प्राणी .

एक दिवस झिपलाइन पार्क केली. उंच उंच जायचे आणि १० वेगवेगळ्या स्पीड आणि अंतराच्या झिपला लटकून यायचे. खाली बघायची भीती वाटत होती पण मजा ही येत होती. सगळ्यात वेगळे होते ते झिप रोलर कोस्टर . तुम्हाला शेवट दिसत नाही आणि किती वरखाली आहे ते पण कळत नाही.

मेक्सिकोला पण भारतासारखा इतिहास आहे. खूप जुने पिरॅमिड्स आहेत, उत्खलन केलेली आहेत. आम्ही अशाच एका ठिकाणी गेलो होतो . कोबा नावाची जागा आहे. मायन लोकांनी देऊळ बांधली आहेत. त्यांची देवळे आपल्यासारखी नाहीत. पूर्ण सपाट जागी असल्यामुळे, त्यांना देऊळ म्हणजे टेकडी बांधावी लागायची. टेकडी म्हणजे देऊळ त्यांचे, आत गाभारा वगैरे नाही. दर बावन्न वर्षांनी त्याच देवळावर नवीन देऊळ बांधायचे. असे करत करत उंची वाढवत जायची देवळाची. वरती जायचे आणि निसर्ग देवतेला (वरुण , सुर्य ,अग्नी ) प्रार्थना आणि बाकी काही अर्पण करायचे. जवळ जवळ १२ माजली उंच देऊळ ते. चढलो पण उतरताना दोरी धरून बसून बसून उतरावे लागले.

मेक्सिको भागाचे अजून एक वैशिष्ठ म्हणजे सिनोटे. जमिनीखाली गुहा आणि त्याचे छप्पर पाहून एक भोक पडलेले आणि पाण्याने भरलेलं . मेक्सिको भाग पूर्ण चुनखडीच्या दगडाचा आहे. त्यामुळे जमीन मऊ म्हणून अशी सिंक-होल तयार होतात. पूर्वीच्या काळी हेच त्यांचे प्यायच्या पाण्याचे स्रोत होते. अजूनही मायन लोक तिकडे जाण्यापूर्वी पूजा करून जातात. आम्ही कधीही अनुभवले नव्हते अशा जागा आहेत त्या. ५० फूट रॅपलिंग करून दोरीला धरून खाली जायचे. अंधारी गुहा, पण मोठी, स्विमिन्ग करता येते. वटवाघुळे फिरत होती. वरच्या मॅन्ग्रोव्ह झाडांची मुळे लटकत होती . स्वच्छ पाणी, सगळा खालचा तळ दिसतो. तिकडे स्विमिन्ग करताना मजा आली.

सिनोटेचा दुसरा प्रकार म्हणजे पूर्ण जमिनीने घेरलेले पण मध्यभागी उघडे. तिकडेही एक दिवस स्विमिन्ग केले.

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प्लाया डी कार्मेन हे जवळचे अजून एक गाव. फाईव्ह स्टार तुळशी बागेसारखी दुकाने एका बाजूला आणि शॉपिंग मॉल्स दुसऱ्या बाजूला. शेवटी समुद्र किनारा. बोटींच्या स्वागतासाठी किनाऱ्यावर मोठी कमान होती.

जवळ जवळ सगळे फोटो आम्ही काढलेले आहेत, पण काही वेबसाईट वरून घेतले कारण आम्हाला काढायला परवानगी नव्हती.

Curious kids Or parents at test 😲 -Part 12 (Brassiere, Mamma's banyaan!!)

By now my kiddo had started reading books. He was growing and he was very observant. That’s why he used to get so many questions. Encyclepedia used to give many answers. But Mamma was the ultimate solution when it came to little odd questions. 

One night I found my kiddo in little thoughtful mood. He called me, “Mammaaaa….” I immediately went into attentive mode. He seemed little hesitant to ask question. Mamma’s sixth sense had already sensed that something odd or awkward was coming. I said, “Fire away your querry”

Kiddo: Mamma why you are fat in chest? Look at me and Daddy. We have such flat chests.

For a moment I felt little awkward. In my mind the reflex action was wrapping my hands around my chest and thinking why my kid asks me such questions. But my experience had taught me that any reaction which would suggest that there is something abnormal/ odd/ awkward about the question would surely invite some drama or some kind of mention in public. Kids are very adept at sensing this. They read our body language much better than our words. So without betraying my true emotion I answered.

Me: That’s because the body of man is little different than the body of a woman. Woman’s body is supposed to perform few different functions. So the shape is also little different. You only tell me who carries the baby in womb??

Son: Of course a woman.

Me: Then in that case only a woman will have womb and not man, right?

Son: Right!!

Me: The nature has designed bodies very carefully. All types of living creatures are bestowed with the instinct to provide food to babies till they grow. Now look at birds. Normally the mother bird remains with babies and father bird brings the food and and feed babies. Though in some species it may be little different. You remember the cat at Nani’s place who had given birth to kittens??

Son: Yes. 

Me: You remember how the kittens used to drink their Mamma’s milk??

Son: Yesss

Me: Same is the case with puppies. Mamma dog feeds the babies with her milk. Cow feeds calves with her milk. Normally all these animals feed their babies with their milk till the babies grow and they are capable of finding their own food.

Same is the case with humans. The Mamma feeds her baby with her milk.

Son: what?? Mammas can produce milk??

Me: Yes. That’s why women have milk glands in their breasts. Men do not have milk glands. That’s the reason why her chest shape is different than man’s chest.

Son: Did you also feed me with your milk?

Me: Yes.

Son: But then how come we have a photo of me drinking milk from bottle?

(Gosh! This boy is so observant!!)

Me: That’s because my milk was not sufficient to feed you. So first you used to drink my milk then I used to give you milk formula or cow milk.

Son: Mamma, even now you have milk??

Me: Nope. The nature has done its own magic. The milk production starts after baby’s birth. As the baby grows we start giving babies other foods like rice, kheer, fruits etc. Automatically the baby starts drinking lesser milk. Slowly the milk production stops.

My son was listening carefully. After all this conversation all he remarked was “Oh! That’s why your banyaan’s shape is so wierd…”

Afterall boys will be boys!!

My last word to my son was “By the way this kind of ladies banyaan is called as brassiere or simply bra.” He rolled his eyes and turned his face.

Friends, why we feel awkward about such questions is may be due to our shyness or culturally we are not used to discuss such topics. We are not taught to talk freely about body. Curiosity about the anatomy is very natural. So let’s talk about our bodies freely at least when kids demand information. Discretion is definitely required while talking to kids. But try to open up with kids and keep their question bank going!! As I said in my earlier blogs reiterating again let the kids come and ask you rather than depend on friends or Internet for answers!!

To read my blogs log on to https://kinfolkclub.com or https://motherlab.blogspot.com

Curious kids or parents at test 😲 -Part 11 (When curious kid tells a story..)

In my last blog we read about how my kiddo started handling encyclepedia since the age of 2. Encyclopedia was his most favorite book. Just imagine a kind of story he would narrate.

Once we were going out with our kiddo in our car. One of our acquaintances joined us. My kiddo was very talkative. So he was very happy to have new company and insisted on sitting with this new aunty. They started chitchatting. Suddenly he said, “Aunty I will tell you a story” Aunty was very delighted. Normally small kids demand stories from elders. But here the kid was volunteering to narrate a story. She happily consented. My kiddo started, “I will tell you a story of carnivorous plant”

Aunty: Wh…what?

Kiddo: Carnivorous plant aunty. Carnivorous plant…

Aunty (exasperated): What is this carni… thing??

Kiddo: Carnivorous plant aunty. It means meat eating plant.

Aunty: Meat eating plant?? (Making disgusting face)

Kiddo: Yes aunty. But I am telling you full story. Please listen…

Aunty: Ok ok.. tell me.

Kiddo: There are carnivorous plants. They eat flies, insects. They have bright, nice colors. The insects get attracted by these colors. There is one plant called sundew plant. When insect sits on that plant it’s hair curl. The insect sticks and is not able to go away. Slowly the plant curls around insect and absorbs nutrients. The other parts of the insect just stay outside.

Aunty: Where do you find these horrible plants??

Kiddo: They are found where the soil is thin or it is poor in nutrients..

Kiddo had finished telling his story and he was now busy looking outside the car window.

The aunty was still quiet with shock. She had expected any story but this. Finally she said, “What kind of story is this? Can’t he talk normal?” I laughed my heart out. I told her that the kiddo keeps reading encyclopedia and this was one of his favorite stories. She just said something “umm..ok alright”

Now whenever my kiddo is around she goes in attention mode and proceeds cautiously!! Because if she is not cautious he has huge stock of stories ready ranging from nebula, tornadoes, volcanoes, dinosaurs, Titanic to penguins and Mangalyan!!

All this was there when he was a small kiddo. As the kids start growing the difficulty and awkwardness level of questions starts increasing. Their self body awareness starts developing. Let’s try to tackle one of such questions in the next blog.

To read my other blogs please click on the following links https://kinfolkclub.com or https://motherlab.blogspot.com

Curious kids or parents at test 😲 -Part 10 (Survival of reading habit in digital age)

In last blog we saw how reading habit was developed. But nothing is constant in this world. The reading journey which had begun so well faced rough waters. Now internet videos, mobile games were giving tough competition. There came a time when my kiddo had almost stopped reading and was not interested in doing anything apart from watching videos or playing mobile games.

My little kiddo was a big boy. And the big boy had a string of endless arguments in favour of games and videos. I had already realized that arguments and mere discussions are not going to be of much use. Nor complete ban on internet and mobile would work. It was time for direct action.

My son is a big fan of Harry Potter movies (like his mother 😜). I took advantage of this fact and told him that most of the movies had deviated from the books and they had changed couple of plots in each movie. So I set him a task of finding out these differences. This move met with some success. My son read first 3 books and that was something because he read the books in the first place and moreover he read fiction books which he had been refusing to do hitherto.My kid loves competition. And if that competition is with Mamma and he can beat his Mamma at it then he loves that competition even better!! Now I decided to have reading competition between mother and son. He readily agreed and  we started reading Harry Potter series again. This time he completed all 7 books and one play. The competition spirit had  haunted him. Every day his lead was increasing by more than 100 pages. At one point I started suspecting that he was skipping pages and cheating me. But how to find out??  Again I had simple idea. We started having Harry Potter quizzes. I was glad to know that my son had not skipped pages!! In fact he enjoyed these quizzes so much that even when our competition is over we continue to have these quizzes during dinner time, during traveling or even in restaurants waiting for food.  

Similarly, Enid Blyton’e riddle series was completed. I started keeping tab on newly published Gerenimo Stilton’s books and buy him latest book. 

My son is studying in IGCSC curriculum school where they don’t teach local history much. I wanted him to read about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj and his history. But it was not his favored topic. One day I got opportunity. My kid saw saffron flag gifted to his cousin and demanded similar big saffron flag. I agreed to buy the same with a precondition that he would read biography of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj who established Maratha empire under saffron flag. And yes, he read.

That’s how the reading came back!! If we had not eliminated internet and mobile completely we had at least curtailed it to some extent. Now mostly we try to have reading hour before going to bed.

One needs to be really clever while dealing with such situations. Merely telling or scolding does not work. There is no one solution that fits all. Every kid is different. You need to understand your own kid and then plan activities. We knew that competition works well with my kiddo and I simply used this fact to my advantage. My last mantra is try to bring some challenges/ activities based on reading so that it becomes a game rather than purely boring activity. Happy Reading!!

As we have seen in the earlier blogs my kid was interested in stories where he could correlate rather than fiction and particularly in science. Follow my blog to know more about when the kiddo decides to tell a story!!

To read all the blogs click on  https://kinfolkclub.com or https://motherlab.blogspot.com

आमचा लाडका मुन्ना

बोंटडकर असे भारदस्त नाव घेऊन आला योगेश जन्मा ,

पण गोरा गोमटा बाळ झाला पप्पूचा भाऊ मुन्ना ।

लहानपणापासून आहे शांत सज्जन ,

कधीच आठवत नाही त्याचे छचोरपण ।

चोखली वेगळी शैक्षणिक वाट ,गेला कॉमर्सला ,

बघता बघता फडकावला सी .ए . चा झेंडा ।

घरघर करत असतो सारखा परदेशवारी ,

आम्हाला वाटतो अभिमान जेंव्हा चढतो नोकरीत पायरीवर पायरी ।

पुण्यात फिरते त्याची होंडा सिटी ,

कधीही सांगा हजर आहे वाजवत शिट्टी ।

कुठलेही असो गेट टुगेदर करतो सर्वांना गोळा ,

पण पार्टीची जान आहे याची नाचगाणी उखाणा ।

आहे बरोबर जीवनसाथी पूर्वा ,

एकापेक्षा एक सुंदर केक बनवता बनवता करते सर्वांवर ममता ।

त्यांची सई आहे लाडकी फुलराणी,

तिच्याबद्दल काय लिहू आईबाबांचे नाव चालवणार ही सर्वगुणी ।

दादा मामा होता घरात थोरला कर्ता करवता ,

हा चालवतो त्याची वाट कोणालाही जाणवू न देता ।

किनफोक वर लिहितो कविता सुंदर सर्वकाळी ,

आम्हाला नाही जमत पण समजून घे ही फुलाची पाकळी  ।।

Curious kids or parents at test 😲-Part 9 (Nurturing reading habit)

In my last blog we just saw how my kiddo started handling encyclepedia since the age of 2 years and how reading hour became our favorite pastime.

Slowly this picture watching game converted into question answer sessions. Now instead of merely reciting captions of the pictures my kiddo started asking “Mamma, what is nebula??” “What do you mean by tornado” “what does this train do?” 

Being a commerce student I didn’t know answers to many of his questions. But I would typically read the information from the encyclepedia and tell the same to my kiddo in easy language. If that was not sufficient I would google or would ask someone.

Gradually my kiddo started telling stories of nebulas, hurricanes, earthquakes, volcanoes, solar system, trains to all of us. 

Me and my kiddo were regular visitors to the books fairs and book shops. In one of such fairs I found one more trove of treasure – it was a set of books with names “From oil to petrol”, “From milk to cheese” “From shoot to apple” and “From wheat to bread”. They were very small books of around 25 pages consisting of good illustrations and short description in 1-2 sentences about the process. These books were the turning point. The teacher had just started teaching different types of words with phonetics in school. But my kiddo had enjoyed these books so much that he attempted to read these books on his own. From Oil to Petrol was the first ever book my kiddo read independently. Wherever he would stumble he would ask “how to read this word Mamma?” Eventually he started reading even complicated words. Soon he started reading all the books.

Considering his liking we amassed encyclopedia on various topics like Mighty machines, Space, Mother Earth, Oceans, Human Body, Explorers tales, Backyard Scientist over a period of time. He was crazy about Titanic. So we collected many books and stories on Titanic. 1001 days which changed the history of the world was his another favorite. In school he came across Gerenimo Stilton. This is the only fiction where my kiddo was attracted. So we had Gerenimo Stilton series books as well.

From our journey all I am trying to suggest is try to judge the inclination of your kid and try to collect books accordingly. Your kid may like fiction or fairy tales or comics or superheroes or adventures. Give them what they like. It is just possible that your kid may not like reading at all. But what’s the harm in trying??

In my previous blog we read the first mantra that was to start early and spend quality time with your kid. My second mantra is judge the inclination of your kid and try to collect books on topics your kid enjoys the most. Do not rely entirely on the typical books available books meant for kids. My third mantra is when we are starting the books from early age concentrate on attractiveness of illustrations rather than written content. Correctness of written content needs to be ensured. But little kids get attracted by attractive pictures rather than written content. Initially books with attractive illustrations and brief information are sufficient.

Today is a digital age and mobiles and internet videos are in vogue. Read my next blog to find out whether invasions by mobiles and internet on books were successful.

To read my other blogs visit www.kinfolkclub.com or

https://motherlab.blogspot.com

Know more about Japan

Till now we learned about working with Japanese, Japanese translation and interpretation techniques. Now the time has come to know about their country, the land where sun rises first.

When we speak a word JAPAN, our imagination restricts to short height, hardworking people, sumo wrestlers and one of the developed country, for seniors it might be movie “Love in Tokyo” … but it is not only that. NIPPON日本 known to world as “JAPAN” is land of rising sun. A beautiful country with warm people having a very high standard of living, highly developed country with all advanced technologies, everything which today’s gen is looking for.

Glimpses of Japan:

1)      Japanese language is written in 3 basic scripts; Hiragana, Katakana, Kanji. Native Japanese script Hiragana and Katakana are 46 characters each, while 2000 kanji simplified from Chinese characters are also in common use in Japan. Kanji can be read in two ways: The Chinese way, onyomi (音読み), and the Japanese way, kunyomi (訓読み).

Generally, in Japan newspaper, magazines, comics are written vertically from right to left.

2)      Yen is the currency of Japan. Our finance guys might be aware it is 3rd strongest currency in foreign exchange trade followed by Dollar and Euro.

3)      Earlier TOKYO TOWER (333m height) was tallest tower in Japan, but now it’s SKYTREE (634m height) tallest tower in world (I visited TOKYO TOWER in 2009 and SKYTREE in 2013 😃).

4)      Did you ever hear a highway passing from building? Yes, it’s in Osaka. 5th, 6th, 7th floor of 16F building are blocked as highway is passing from that building. Gate Tower Building, is the first building to have a highway pass through it (I once got chance to pass through this highway. Structure is out of imagination 😃).

5)      Kobe bridge is the longest bridge (it has the longest central span of any suspension bridge in the world…source Wikipedia)

6)      Sakura(桜) national flower of Japan blossom from March end till April end, period varies by region and weather. The blossom is only for 2-3 days and generally Japanese celebrate those 2-3 days as cherry blossom viewing party (hanami 花見). Japanese are especially fond of this flower. Hence, the Sakura tree is planted nationwide. Sakura flower is stamped on 100-yen coin. Also, Sakura is printed on traditional Japanese textile. Not only that but “Sakura-sakura” is the well-known Japanese song taught in elementary school.

7)      Mount Fuji 3,776m tall. Japanese believe that if you are lucky you climb mount Fuji at least once in your life. (I have been to Japan for several times; visited various places and monuments but still not got chance to climb mount FUJI 😞).

8)      Where can you see 7 wonders of the world at one place? It’s in Tobu World Square, Tochigi. Replica of 7 wonders and famous sculptures are displayed in this theme park. (I once visited Tobu World Square, but due to time constraint I could see only few of them).

9)      Premium Friday concept: As Japanese people are hard workers and due to tremendous work pressure suicide percentage is also high in Japan, so recently the Japanese Government has introduced a concept called “Premium Friday”, which is last Friday of every month. In this, companies encourage employees to end work by 3:00pm and start weekend early for enjoying with family and friends.

10)   National sport: Sumo, national flower: Cherry blossom (Sakura), national fruit: Kaki, two top-ranking universities in Japan: University of Tokyo and Kyoto University, famous Japanese food: sushi, tempura, ramen, udon, soba, miso soup, yakitori, okonomiyaki, kare raisu (curry with rice), onigiri, gyudon, katsudon, green tea.

Actually there is lot more to say 😃…

Types of software testing

Hola !! In today’s post we are going to have a look at types of testing

1.Compatibility testing

In today’s world , we have multiple devices , many flavours of operating systems and n number of dependent softwares to use one software. Behaviour of software application may differ depending on these factors. Compatability testing is crucial in understanding whether software functions well across different operating systems, web browsers, network, devices, hardware configurations, versions etc. Compatability also needs to be tested with respect to newer and older versions of related software applications

Some of the most common Compatibility testing defects for web applications are :

  • Differences in the user Interface with respect to look and feel
  • Changes with respect to font size, alignment issues, css styles, color, scrollbars
  • Broken Images
  • Information in tables is not displayed properly

To verify these kinds of issues , a website needs to be tested in different browsers (For Ex : Google chrome, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox) on different operating systems(Windows, Linux,Android) in different devices(Desktop, Mobiles of different resolutions). We also need to consider different version of every operating system, web browser, devices in combination to ensure good user experience

2.Performance testing is part of performance engineering practices where system is examined for quality attributes like responsiveness, reliability, scalability etc. Performance testing validates system’s performance against predefined performance benchmarks for speed, memory, response time etc.

A performance bottleneck occurs when a single component’s failure results in slowdown or shutdown of an entire system. Identifying such an component requires quantitative and qualitative analysis of system under controlled conditions

Performance testing primarily includes stress testing and load testing Load testing checks system performance under specified load conditions while stress testing stimulates higher than expected load conditions to determine potential breakpoints. Stress testing includes soak testing and spike testing

A beautiful explanation of performance bottlenecks : https://www.apicasystems.com/blog/5-common-performance-bottlenecks/

3.Security testing

Security testing is an approach to identify vulnerabilities in information system to protect the system against incidents like data theft, functionality breach etc. A vulnerability is a weakness or a flaw in system that can be exploited by attacker to harm respective stakeholders or end users.Some common security threats are as follows :

1.Privilege Escalation : Most software applications have multiple user accounts. Each user has certain roles and permissions. Common permissions / privileges include viewing and editing files, install new programmes etc.Hacker creates an account on a system and uses it to increase his system privileges to a higher level which he/she was not suppose to have. These privileges can be used to delete files, view private information, or install viruses or malwares.

2.SQL injection : SQL injection is used to attack data-driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution (e.g. to dump the database contents to the attacker).For ex: Entering a single quote (‘) in any textbox should be rejected by the application. Instead, if a database error is displayed, it means that the user input is inserted in some query which is then executed by the application. In such a case, the application is vulnerable to SQL injection.SQL injection attacks are very critical as attackers can get vital information from the database.

3.URL Manipulation :URL refers to Uniform Resource Locator.URL is address of particular website on internet. For Ex : https://kinfolkclub.com/. URL manipulation, also called URL rewriting, is the method of altering the parameters in a URL and capturing important information. When the web application uses the HTTP GET method to pass information between the client and the server, data is passed in parameters in the URL An attacker can exploit this vulnerability by sending altered link to unsuspecting users via e-mail or by posting it on a website. When users click the link, they can be redirected to a malicious third-party site containing malware or inappropriate material.

4. Cross site scripting(XSS) : XSS enables attackers to inject client-side script into Web pages viewed by other users and trick a user into clicking on that URL. Once this script is executed by the other user’s browser, hacker can cause potential harm to user’s system.

XSS occurs when a web page displays user input — typically via JavaScript— that isn’t properly filtered.A simple test shows whether web application is vulnerable to XSS. Choose any field in the application that accept user input (such as on a login or search form), and enter the following JavaScript statement:

<script>alert('XSS')</script>

If a window pops up that displays XSS, the application is vulnerable.

5.Denial of service (DoS)attack : A denial-of-service (DoS) attack is accomplished by flooding the target system with excess requests to overload it and prevent some or all users to avail the services In a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack), the incoming traffic attacking the target system originates from many different sources. Hackers behind the DoS attacks often target sites such as banks, credit card payment gateways, retail stores

OWASP ( https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Main_Page ) is almighty reference for web information security concepts

4.Usability testing

Usability testing tests how easily users can use system. Usability is the measure of a product’s potential to accomplish the goals of the user. Goal of user refers to intention of user to complete a task. For Ex : Booking movie ticket or purchasing appliances online

In usability testing , users of a product are asked to perform certain tasks to analyze product’s ease-of-use, time to complete the task, and overall user experience. Participants are encouraged to share their every opinion. All feedback is noted and analyzed . The goal of Usability Testing is to create real world scenarios where the user will be actually using our product, then by observing their behavior we will be able to understand what could be done better.

5.Accessibility testing

Accessibility testing is a type of testing conducted to check if user with disabilities can use the software application with ease. Users with or without disabilities should have equal access to technology.People with disabilities use assistive technology which helps them in operating a software product. Example of assistive devices include Screen reader software that is used to read out the text that is displayed on the screen.

Accessibility testing tries to answer the questions like : Can screen reader identify all words? Do all images have alt descriptions? Are all page elements responding properly to keyboard keys?

W3C (World wide web consortium) provides Web content Accessibility Guidelines for a content to be presented on the web as below:

1.Information displayed should be perceivable

For ex : Every image, including icons, buttons, and graphics, video, charts, need to be properly tagged and described for a screen reader to show information properly.

2.User Interface and navigation of application should be operable

For Ex: A website needs to be navigable and interactive entirely through the the keyboard, which is essential for people who use a text browser or are unable to use a mouse for various reasons.

3. Consistent and effective organization of user interface elements can make use of application easier for users with different disabilities

For Ex : Forms can be confusing or difficult to use for many people, and, as a result, they may be more likely to make mistakes. To help users, we can include descriptive instructions, error messages, and suggestions for correction etc

4.Application should be compatible with newer and older versions of assistive technology

Adios for now….. In my next post, I will tell you more about how functional testing is conducted in a typical test cycle.

Till then , do like, share and subscribe to my blog 🙂